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    sleep elderly bed overhead alzheimer's disease

    Sleep is crucial for your heart, weight, and general well being—as everyone who has spent a night tossing and turning knows. Now, research suggests that poor sleep may be linked to Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers have long suspected that sleep and Alzheimer’s may be linked, and a new study offers up an important piece of the puzzle.

    A key protein

    Some early indicators of Alzheimer’s disease include tangles of tau, a protein in the brain, along with plaques of a substance called amyloid-beta. In the study—involving 119 people 60 years of age or older—researchers monitored the participants’ sleep at home over the course of a normal week via portable monitors that measured their brain waves as they slept; the volunteers also wore a wristwatch-like sensor that tracked their body movement through the night, and they kept sleep logs.

    The researchers measured levels of amyloid beta and tau in the brain and in the cerebrospinal fluid of the volunteers. They were able to link lower levels of slow-wave sleep to higher levels of tau in the brain. They also found higher tau-to-amyloid ratios in the cerebrospinal fluid of poor sleepers, further cementing a link. These findings were published in the journal Science Translational Medicine.

    A connection to earlier research

    Not too long ago, the same team of researchers found that a single night of poor sleep could raise tau: The researchers collected samples of cerebrospinal fluid from eight adults who were monitored during a night of normal sleep and again over the course of 36 hours of sleep deprivation. They found a 51.5 percent increase in tau in participants robbed of sleep. In a companion experiment, they found that sleep-deprived mice had twice the amount of tau as well-rested mice. These findings appeared in Science. Find out the 10 early signs of Alzheimer’s that every adult should know.

    What it all means

    David Holtzman, MD, head of the Department of Neurology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and a study author on both studies believes a link between poor sleep and Alzheimer’s is becoming clearer. “Getting appropriate levels of sleep and not being sleep deprived for long periods of time is likely linked to decreased future risk of dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease,” he says.

    The new findings make sense to Los Angeles sleep expert Michael J. Breus, PhD, author of several books on sleep including The Sleep Doctor’s Diet Plan: Lose Weight Through Better Sleep. Noting that the relationship between sleep and Alzheimer’s is a complex one, Breus explains it this way: “When you don’t get enough stage 3 or 4 sleep, it slows the lymphatic or waste removal system in the brain. This leaves amyloid and tau proteins around the brain and brain cells. They then basically strangle nerve endings, which contributes heavily to Alzheimer’s.”

    This is the first time we have seen an association between sleep disruption and poor quality sleep and tau in the brain, explains Nick McKeehan, the assistant director in Aging and Alzheimer’s Prevention at the Alzheimer’s Drug Discovery Foundation in New York City. “It’s an important piece of the puzzle.”

    Sleep may be the chicken or the egg, he says. “Poor sleep may increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, but Alzheimer’s disease can also disrupt sleep.” More research is needed to draw any firm conclusions, he says. Don’t miss these other important Alzheimer’s research breakthroughs.

    Until then, troubleshooting any sleep issues you may have starts with a hard look at your habits: “Are you drinking caffeine late in the day? Watching TV until bedtime?” There are many habits that affect the quality and quantity of sleep, he says. Aim for seven to eight hours of sleep per night. If this exercise does not produce results, talk to your doctor about your sleep, and make sure you know these everyday habits that can further help reduce your risk of Alzheimer’s and dementia.

    The post Just One Night of Poor Sleep May Be Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Just One Night of Poor Sleep May Be Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease

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    Science is closing in on a potential way to spot Alzheimer's disease early enough to treat it before symptoms such as memory loss and confusion take over.

    The post Just One Night of Poor Sleep May Be Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Fri, 15 Feb 2019 18:48:40 +0000

    Hand it to hand sanitizer

    20 Genius Uses for Hand Sanitizer You'll Wish You Knew BeforeThis gel can come in handy during cold and flu season and in extremely germy situations like hospitals, medical clinics, and doctors offices. And while dermatologists recommend you don’t overuse it on your hands—it can really dry them out—there are plenty of other uses that you may never have thought of: Keeping hand sanitizer around the house is a great idea, germs or no germs. Check out the 10 other things dermatologists really don’t like putting on their hands.

    The post 21 Genius Uses for Hand Sanitizer You’ll Wish You Knew Before appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    21 Genius Uses for Hand Sanitizer You’ll Wish You Knew Before

    https://www.rd.com/?post_type=listicle&p=946757
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    You won't believe how many ways you can put that bottle of hand sanitizer gel to use. Here's what the experts recommend.

    The post 21 Genius Uses for Hand Sanitizer You’ll Wish You Knew Before appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Fri, 15 Feb 2019 18:29:18 +0000

    Good savers start now

    Good savers start early, say Janet Stanzak and Kristin Garrett, certified financial planners who started their firm Financial Empowerment as a way to help people kick bad money habits and develop better ones. Many good money savers were taught as children to sock away for a rainy day, but even those who weren’t have learned to jump on an opportunity. “As soon as they see they have an option, like a retirement savings plan through work, they take it,” Garrett says. “Good savers don’t procrastinate financial decisions.” Here are some more personal finance tips you probably weren’t taught (but need to know).

    The post 17 Habits of People Who Are Great at Saving Money appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    17 Habits of People Who Are Great at Saving Money

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    Because when it comes to building your nest egg, these little moves can add up big time.

    The post 17 Habits of People Who Are Great at Saving Money appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Fri, 15 Feb 2019 17:50:01 +0000

    This is How Long It Takes to Pass a Kidney Stone

    Passing a kidney stone can be extremely painful and, in some cases, impossible without medical treatment like surgery. If you are passing a kidney stone, it would be great to know just how long you must endure the pain before it’s over. The short answer, however, is that it depends on a few specific factors.

    On average, most people who pass a kidney stone do so in one to three weeks—if they pass at all, according to Jennifer Linehan, MD, urologist and associate professor of urologic oncology at the John Wayne Cancer Institute at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California. “Most times, you can simply wait for the stone to pass,” she says. At a max, four to six weeks for the stone to pass is safe as long as the pain is bearable, she adds. Make sure you’re not making these 7 innocent mistakes that put your kidneys at risk.

    Why passing a kidney stone takes approximately a few weeks has to do with knowing what a kidney stone is—and it’s not really a “stone” at all. “The term ‘kidney stone’ is a widely-used nickname to describe the calcifications consisting of the body’s excess minerals and salts that can build up inside the kidney,” says S. Adam Ramin, MD, urologist and medical director of Urology Cancer Specialists in Los Angeles. “As these substances accumulate in the kidney and begin to harden, they begin to form a crystal.” When multiple crystals accumulate and join together, there’s a pebble-like formation: a kidney stone.

    There are a few different types of kidney stones, too. Most are calcium stones which are due to an excess of calcium oxalate, says Dr. Ramin. This compound is found in some foods and is a waste product your body makes. High amounts of sodium, vitamin D, and dehydration are also major contributors to these types of kidney stones, according to Dr. Ramin. Other examples include uric acid, struvite, and cystine stones, but these only make up anywhere from 1 to 10 percent of kidney stones.

    Whether or not you can pass any of these types of stones mainly depends on the size and location of the stone in the urinary tract. “Stones that are less than four millimeters have a 75 percent [rate] of passing, of course, that may still be with discomfort,” Dr. Linehan says. “As the stones get larger than four millimeters then [the] chance of passing gets less.” Stones greater than six millimeters only have a 35 percent chance of passing without intervention.

    Passing a kidney stone is unnecessary for other people—and some never even know they have one. “Small stones in the kidney may be left alone if they are not causing pain or infection,” Dr. Linehan says. A few people choose to have these small stones removed because they’re afraid of any potential pain from passing them in the future. Surgery is necessary if the stones cause repeated infections in the urine or are completely blocking the flow of urine from the kidney. Otherwise, your pain level determines if surgery or other methods like shockwave therapy are necessary. These are the 7 warning signs your kidneys could be in trouble.

    There are a few things you can do to make the pain of passing a kidney stone more bearable, according to Dr. Linehan. Pain medication, anti-nausea medication, and Flomax make moving a kidney stone easier. On the preventative side, Dr. Ramin recommends drinking more water and eating less salt. “My recommendation is to drink at least three liters of water every day, which is about ten 10oz glasses,” he says. “Doing this will help to dissolve any excess toxins or chemicals that build up before they can form into crystals or stones.” Dr. Ramin also recommends eating less meat or animal protein and less oxalate-rich foods such as coffee, chocolate, and soy products, too.

    Talk with your doctor about your options for passing a kidney stone. Inform them of any pain so you can find the best course of action for you. While you’re there, don’t forget to ask your doctor these other questions.

    The post This Is How Long It Takes to Pass a Kidney Stone appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    This Is How Long It Takes to Pass a Kidney Stone

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    Here's how long you'll probably be in pain.

    The post This Is How Long It Takes to Pass a Kidney Stone appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Fri, 15 Feb 2019 17:44:51 +0000

    You constantly feel like you’re being judged

    Even by inanimate objects. Don’t miss these cartoons that all introverts will understand.

    The post 15 Cartoons People with Anxiety Will Understand Instantly appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    15 Cartoons People with Anxiety Will Understand Instantly

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    Humor is a great coping strategy for anxiety.

    The post 15 Cartoons People with Anxiety Will Understand Instantly appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Fri, 15 Feb 2019 17:30:28 +0000

    Truffle oil

    Woman pouring oil from bottle into frying pan in kitchenTruffle oil was the darling of chefs and high-end restaurants two decades ago, who often charged a premium to customers for dishes with the treasured ingredient. However, it slowly faded out of the spotlight, and some chefs refuse to cook with it today. “I absolutely hate truffle oil,” says Zac Cates, executive chef at Sonder in Bakersfield, California. “I never understood it, and it’s hype. It’s not even made from truffles.” He adds, “Adding truffle oil to a dish is like squirting ketchup on wagyu beef.” These are the 10 dishes chefs never order at brunch.

    The post 13 Professional Chefs Reveal Their Least Favorite Food appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    13 Professional Chefs Reveal Their Least Favorite Food

    https://www.rd.com/?post_type=listicle&p=941147
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    Day in and day out, these professional chefs are surrounded by food, think about food, and make food. That doesn't mean, however, they like all food. Here, chefs and cookbook authors share the ingredients and foods they just won't eat.

    The post 13 Professional Chefs Reveal Their Least Favorite Food appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Fri, 15 Feb 2019 17:27:35 +0000

    smoking in car

    Whether you’ve purchased a used car that someone smoked in or finally kicked the bad habit yourself, you may be itching to learn how to get rid of that smoke smell in your car.

    Air it out

    The first thing you need to do to get rid of the smoke smell is clean, clean, clean! Drive your car to a well-ventilated area. Roll down the windows, remove any belongings, and take out every scrap of trash. Check out some more of the best tricks for cleaning the inside of your car.

    Vacuum all surfaces

    Next, remove seat covers and floor mats and begin to vacuum every inch of your interior. A handheld vacuum or a vacuum with an attachment meant for getting into the deepest nooks and crannies is ideal for this job. Vacuum your seat covers (or launder them at home or at a self-service laundry if the tag says they’re washable) and floor mats separately, after they’ve aired out in the sun for a bit.

    Wash all surfaces

    Now, combine white vinegar and water in a 1:1 ratio in a spray bottle and spritz your upholstery. Use a microfiber cloth to wipe down all of the interior upholstery, interior side panels, steering wheel, dashboard, etc. You should also use a glass cleaner to remove any cigarette residue on your windows and windshield. Find out some things you should never, ever to do your car.

    Ventilate

    Next, start your engine, and turn the fan on high and the air conditioner to the lowest temperature. With the windows rolled down, allow the car’s air ventilation/filtration system to pull the smoke smell out of the car. With the fan and AC still on, spray an odor neutralizer into the vents. Repeat the process, but this time, turn the heat all the way up before spraying the neutralizer into the vents again. Plus, if you have a bad smell in your house, here’s how to get rid of it.

    More drastic measures

    Despite your best efforts, sometimes the smell of smoke has permeated so deeply that it is nearly impossible to eliminate. In that case, consider taking more drastic measures, like replacing the upholstery, headliner (roof material), and carpets.

    If your car smells of smoke from a bonfire instead of cigarettes, you can usually get rid of that smell by putting your car in a well-ventilated area with the windows down to let it air out. After a little while, sprinkle some baking soda on the carpet and floor mats and vacuum it off.

    If you have no interest in doing this job yourself, hire a pro! It costs anywhere from $125 to $200 for a thorough interior cleaning, depending on your location and the size of your vehicle. In the meantime, make sure you know these 74 maintenance tips that will extend the life of your car.

    Buy odor neutralizer here on Amazon.

    Every product is independently selected by our editors. If you buy something through our links, we may earn an affiliate commission.

    The post How to Get Rid of a Smoke Smell in Your Car appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    How to Get Rid of a Smoke Smell in Your Car

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    No one wants a ride that smells like cigarettes.

    The post How to Get Rid of a Smoke Smell in Your Car appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Fri, 15 Feb 2019 17:14:36 +0000

    Sushi

    A set of sushi with salmon, shrimp and eel and wooden chopsticks on a wooden Board. Delicious Japanese food on a dark stone background. female hand takes the chopsticks in the sushi. Top view.Sushi at your favorite Japanese restaurant? Yes, please. Sushi on a work buffet? Say sayonara, says Kendra Busalacchi, RDN, a registered dietitian at Sharp HealthCare. “I would never eat sushi that contains raw fish,” she says. “Fish is very heart healthy with its high omega 3 content. However, the problem is that raw fish, especially when not handled properly and kept at the proper temperature, puts you at very high risk for foodborne illnesses.” Worse, this risk for this goes up exponentially the longer it’s kept out unrefrigerated, such as at a buffet, she adds. Instead, opt for sushi made only with cooked ingredients or choose a baked salmon dish. Some rules, however, are made to be broken—here are 19 healthy food rules nutritionists ignore all the time.

    The post 14 Foods Nutritionists Never Eat at Buffets appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    14 Foods Nutritionists Never Eat at Buffets

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    Ice under the food doesn't mean it's cold enough to keep the food safe. Learn what the experts look for—and what they avoid—at the buffet.

    The post 14 Foods Nutritionists Never Eat at Buffets appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Fri, 15 Feb 2019 16:49:56 +0000

    Dedicated workspace

    Desktop in modern loft interior with advanced computer for perfect creative freelance work and stationary, mock up PC standing near cup of coffee and croissant for breakfast in co working officeLet’s start with the basics: It’s far more challenging to be efficient, focused, or creative without a dedicated workspace. Setting up shop in your bedroom, at your kitchen table, or on the couch allows for unwelcome distractions. “Ideally, you can designate a room with a door as your office so that you can have privacy when working, but also escape from work when it is time to be home with family,” says Liz Toombs, a Certified Interior Decorator and president of PDR Interiors. “If a room and/or door are not feasible, then carve out a corner of a space in your home to be your work area. The idea behind a dedicated workspace is to create boundaries between work and home life that can be respected. It’s not healthy to have work bleed into personal time or vice versa.”

    The post Here’s Exactly What You Need to Be Successful Working from Home appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Here’s Exactly What You Need to Be Successful Working from Home

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    Increase your productivity, make yourself comfy, and improve your health by upgrading to this sweet home-office setup.

    The post Here’s Exactly What You Need to Be Successful Working from Home appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Fri, 15 Feb 2019 16:23:41 +0000

    George Washington’s “Royal Gift”

    Horse on a farmGeorge Washington wanted a mule because he believed this cross between a donkey and a horse would revolutionize farming in America (because mules are sturdier than horses). But acquiring a mule was more complicated than one might think, particularly since the kind Washington wanted was bred only in Spain. Luckily, word traveled to the King of Spain, who shipped Washington a Spanish mule. It arrived on October 7, 1785, and Washington named him “Royal Gift.” Check out these 52 astonishing facts about U.S. presidents.

    The post 12 Strangest Gifts Ever Given to U.S. Presidents appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    12 Strangest Gifts Ever Given to U.S. Presidents

    https://www.rd.com/?post_type=listicle&p=947707
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    U.S. presidents receive thousands of gifts per year from foreign dignitaries, celebrities, and everyday, regular Americans. These are among the strangest recorded presents in history.

    The post 12 Strangest Gifts Ever Given to U.S. Presidents appeared first on Reader's Digest.

    Fri, 15 Feb 2019 15:38:49 +0000